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The Far Right's Potential Impact on Europe's Energy Transition


As the extreme right gains prominence in European politics, concerns arise about its potential consequences for the continent's energy transition efforts. The transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources is a crucial step towards mitigating climate change and securing a sustainable energy future. However, the rise of far-right parties could pose a significant threat to these efforts.

Far-Right Ideologies and Energy Policies

Far-right ideologies typically prioritize national sovereignty, economic protectionism, and traditional values. These views often translate into skepticism towards the European Union, international cooperation, and environmental regulations. In terms of energy policy, far-right parties tend to support the continued use of fossil fuels, particularly coal and domestic resources. They view renewable energy sources as unreliable and expensive, and oppose subsidies or incentives for their development.

Impact on Energy Transition Goals

The resurgence of far-right parties in Europe could have several negative repercussions for the energy transition.

  • Weakening Climate Commitments: Far-right parties are likely to undermine the EU's climate goals, which include reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 55% by 2030. Their opposition to renewable energy and support for fossil fuels will hinder progress towards these targets.
  • Delaying Infrastructure Development: The transition to renewable energy requires significant investment in infrastructure, such as solar and wind farms, transmission lines, and energy storage systems. Far-right governments may prioritize spending on other areas, delaying or obstructing the development of this vital infrastructure.
  • Encouraging Fossil Fuel Dependency: Continued reliance on fossil fuels, as advocated by far-right parties, will deepen Europe's dependence on imported energy and make it more vulnerable to price fluctuations and supply disruptions. In the long term, this will hinder the region's economic competitiveness and energy security.
  • Undermining International Cooperation: The energy transition requires close collaboration between countries, both within Europe and globally. Far-right governments, with their isolationist tendencies, may be less inclined to engage in such cooperation, limiting access to best practices and innovative technologies.

Case Studies

The impact of far-right parties on energy transition is evident in several recent examples:

  • Poland: The right-wing Law and Justice (PiS) government has heavily invested in coal-fired power plants and rolled back environmental protections. As a result, Poland remains heavily dependent on fossil fuels and faces challenges in meeting its climate obligations.
  • Hungary: Under the leadership of Viktor Orbán's Fidesz party, Hungary has also prioritized fossil fuels and withdrawn from several international climate agreements. The country's reluctance to embrace renewable energy has hindered its progress towards sustainability.
  • Italy: The far-right League party, led by Matteo Salvini, has been critical of the EU's green policies and called for increased reliance on domestic energy resources. Its influence has contributed to a slow pace of energy transition in Italy.

Mitigating the Impact

To minimize the impact of far-right ideologies on energy transition, it is crucial to:

  • Strengthen Climate Commitments: Governments and the EU must maintain their commitment to ambitious climate goals and implement policies that accelerate the transition to renewable energy.
  • Promote Social Justice: Address concerns about the economic impact of energy transition, particularly on vulnerable communities. Provide retraining and support programs to help workers transition to new jobs in the clean energy sector.
  • Raise Public Awareness: Educate the public about the urgent need for energy transition and the benefits of renewable energy sources. Counteract misinformation and promote a balanced understanding of the issue.
  • Encourage International Cooperation: Strengthen collaboration between countries and invest in joint energy projects. This can accelerate technology development, reduce costs, and enhance energy security.
  • Monitor and Hold Accountable: Track the energy policies of far-right governments and hold them accountable for hindering energy transition efforts. Encourage civil society organizations and media outlets to monitor progress and raise awareness.


The rise of far-right parties in Europe poses a significant challenge to the continent's energy transition efforts. Their skepticism towards renewable energy, support for fossil fuels, and isolationist tendencies could undermine climate commitments, delay infrastructure development, encourage fossil fuel dependency, and hinder international cooperation. To mitigate these impacts, it is essential to reinforce climate goals, promote social justice, raise public awareness, strengthen international cooperation, and hold far-right governments accountable. By doing so, Europe can safeguard its energy future and contribute to global efforts to address the climate crisis.

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