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Getting Started with Django 5.0: A Comprehensive Guide


Django is a free and open-source Python web framework that streamlines the development of sophisticated, database-driven websites. Its user-friendly interface, robust security features, and extensive community support position it as a preferred framework among developers of all levels.

In this comprehensive tutorial, we'll embark on a journey into the world of Django 5.0, the latest version that introduces significant enhancements and features.


Before we delve into the tutorial, ensure that you have the following prerequisites in place:

  • Python 3.7 or later installed on your system
  • pip installed as Python's package manager
  • A code editor or IDE of your choice

Step 1: Installation and Setup

To install Django 5.0, open a terminal window and run the following command:

pip install django==5.0

Once Django is installed, let's create a new Django project named "myproject":

django-admin startproject myproject

Navigate to the newly created project directory:

cd myproject

Step 2: Generating an App

In Django, applications are self-contained modules that encapsulate related functionality. Let's create an app named "polls":

python startapp polls

Step 3: Creating Models

Models represent the data structure in Django. In the "polls" app, let's define a simple model for a poll question and its associated choices:

# polls/    from django.db import models    class Poll(models.Model):      question = models.CharField(max_length=200)    class Choice(models.Model):      poll = models.ForeignKey(Poll, on_delete=models.CASCADE)      choice_text = models.CharField(max_length=200)      votes = models.IntegerField(default=0)

Step 4: Configuring the Admin Interface

Django provides a built-in admin interface for managing models. To register our models, we add the following lines to "polls/":

from django.contrib import admin    from .models import Poll, Choice

Step 5: Creating Views

Views define the logic for handling HTTP requests. In "polls/", we'll create views for the index page, displaying poll questions, and voting:

# polls/    from django.shortcuts import render, get_object_or_404  from django.http import HttpResponseRedirect  from .models import Poll, Choice    def index(request):      latest_polls = Poll.objects.order_by('-pub_date')[:5]      context = {'latest_polls': latest_polls}      return render(request, 'polls/index.html', context)    def detail(request, poll_id):      poll = get_object_or_404(Poll, pk=poll_id)      return render(request, 'polls/detail.html', {'poll': poll})    def vote(request, poll_id):      poll = get_object_or_404(Poll, pk=poll_id)        try:          selected_choice = poll.choice_set.get(pk=request.POST['choice'])      except (KeyError, Choice.DoesNotExist):          return render(request, 'polls/detail.html', {              'poll': poll,              'error_message': "You didn't select a choice.",          })        selected_choice.votes += 1      return HttpResponseRedirect(reverse('polls:results', args=(,)))

Step 6: Creating Templates

Templates define the content and layout of web pages. Create "polls/index.html" for the index page and "polls/detail.html" for the poll details page:

# polls/index.html    {% extends "base.html" %}    {% block content %}  <h1>Polls</h1>  <ul>  {% for poll in latest_polls %}      <li><a href="{% url 'polls:detail' %}">{{ poll.question }}</a></li>  {% endfor %}  </ul>  {% endblock %}    # polls/detail.html    {% extends "base.html" %}    {% block content %}  <h1>{{ poll.question }}</h1>    <form action="{% url 'polls:vote' %}" method="post">  {% csrf_token %}  {% for choice in poll.choice_set.all %}      <label><input type="radio" name="choice" value="{{ }}" /> {{ choice.choice_text }}</label>  {% endfor %}  <input type="submit" value="Vote" />  </form>    {% if error_message %}      <p>{{ error_message }}</p>  {% endif %}    {% endblock %}

Step 7: Running the Development Server

Start Django's development server by running the following command in the project directory:

python runserver

Now, navigate to http://localhost:8000/ in your browser to view the polls app.

Django 5.0 Enhancements

Django 5.0 introduces several improvements that enhance its development experience:

  • Modern Syntax: Django 5.0 supports Python 3.10 and offers new language features like type hinting and async/await.
  • Fully Async Views: You can now write fully asynchronous views to improve performance in high-traffic applications.
  • Fallback Messaging: Django 5.0 provides a consistent and configurable approach to handling messaging fallbacks in websockets.
  • Custom Field Lookups: Developers can now create custom field lookups, extending Django's built-in lookup capabilities.
  • Persistent Caches: Django 5.0 introduces persistent caches that store data in a fast, persistent backend, improving performance and scalability.


In this tutorial, we walked through the basics of creating a polls application using Django 5.0. We covered installing and setting up Django, creating models, configuring views, and rendering templates. By following these steps, you're well on your way to developing robust and scalable web applications with Django.

Remember, Django is a versatile framework that empowers developers to tackle complex programming challenges effectively. Its user-friendly interface, extensive documentation, and thriving community make it a preferred choice for web development projects.

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