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2024 Energy Statistical Review Highlights: Breaking Records


The BP Statistical Review of World Energy, published in its 71st edition, offers a comprehensive analysis of global energy trends in 2023. This review provides valuable insights into the evolving energy landscape, highlighting significant milestones and future projections.

Key Findings

  • Global Energy Demand Soars: In 2023, global energy consumption surged by 5.7%, the fastest pace since the post-World War II period. This surge was primarily driven by robust economic growth and the easing of COVID-19 restrictions.

  • Renewables Take Center Stage: Renewable energy sources accounted for a record 12.7% of global energy consumption in 2023, up from 11.9% in 2022. Solar and wind power led the charge, accounting for two-thirds of the growth in renewable energy.

  • Fossil Fuels Remain Dominant: Despite the rise of renewables, fossil fuels still account for the majority of global energy consumption at 79.6%. Oil remains the dominant fuel source, followed by natural gas and coal.

  • Oil Prices Reach All-Time Highs: In 2023, global crude oil prices reached an unprecedented $130 per barrel, spurred by geopolitical tensions and supply chain disruptions.

  • Gas Markets Fluctuate: Natural gas markets experienced significant volatility in 2023, with prices surging in Europe due to the Russia-Ukraine conflict, while prices remained relatively stable in Asia and the Americas.

Country-Specific Trends

  • United States: The United States maintained its position as the world's largest energy consumer and producer. Renewable energy sources accounted for 20.8% of U.S. energy consumption in 2023, with natural gas remaining the dominant fuel source.

  • China: China surpassed the United States as the world's largest energy importer. Coal continued to be the mainstay of its energy mix, accounting for over 50% of consumption. However, China also made significant strides in developing renewable energy, becoming the leading producer and consumer of solar and wind power.

  • Russia: Russia remained a major energy exporter, with oil and gas exports accounting for a significant portion of its revenues. However, Western sanctions imposed in response to the Russia-Ukraine conflict disrupted Russia's energy exports, particularly to Europe.

  • European Union: The European Union increased its reliance on imported energy in 2023, primarily due to reduced Russian gas supplies. The EU accelerated its efforts to transition to renewable energy sources and reduce its dependence on fossil fuels.

Projections and Implications

The BP Statistical Review also offers projections for future energy trends:

  • Global Energy Demand: Global energy demand is expected to grow by an average of 2.6% per year through 2035. This growth will be driven by rising economic activity, population growth, and increasing demand for energy-intensive sectors like transportation and industry.

  • Renewables' Ascendance: Renewables are expected to continue their rapid growth, accounting for over 30% of global energy consumption by 2035. Solar and wind power are projected to be the primary drivers of this growth.

  • Fossil Fuels' Decline: Fossil fuels' share of global energy consumption is projected to decline over time, although they will remain an important component of the energy mix. Oil is expected to remain the dominant fossil fuel, while coal's usage is projected to decline.


The BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2024 highlights the significant changes occurring in the global energy landscape. Record-breaking energy consumption, surging renewable energy, and geopolitical tensions have shaped the energy markets in recent years. As the world continues to grapple with energy security, affordability, and sustainability challenges, the transition to a cleaner and more sustainable energy future remains imperative.

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